Rosewood

In January of 1923, the African-American community at Rosewood, Florida, was destroyed in a fiery racist attack. Published information about the incident is not abundant. The following sources have been helpful in answering reference requests about Rosewood.

  • Report to the Legislature: A Documented History of the Incident Which Occurred at Rosewood, Florida in January, 1923
    • Available through interlibrary loan.
  • House Judiciary files (reports, audio and videotapes of hearings)
    • Available at State Library and Archives. 

Books

  • D'Orso, Michael. Like Judgment Day: The Ruin and Redemption of a Town Called Rosewood. G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1996. F975.977D718

Book Articles

  • Jones, Maxine D. , McCarthy, Kevin M. "The Rosewood Massacre, January 1923," in African Americans in Florida, pp.83-84.
  • McCarthy, Kevin M. "Rosewood", in Black Florida, pp.254-257.

Internet Sites

  • Remembering Rosewood - a website approved by Rosewood Family Members
    • Includes pictures of the survivors, information about the Rosewood Scholarship and bus tours.

Journal Articles

  • Dye, R. Thomas. "Rosewood, Florida: The destruction of an African American community".Historian : A journal of History, Spring 1996, v58 n3 p605-622.
  • Finan, Eileen. "Delayed justice: The Rosewood story". Human Rights, Spring 1995, v22 n2 p8-9.
  • Jerome, Richard. "A measure of justice: for survivors of the Rosewood massacre…"People Weekly, Jan. 16, 1995 v43 n2 p46.
  • Riordan, Patrick. "Rosewood: FSU historians help to right old wrongs". Florida State Magazine, Summer/Fall 1994, pp.14-. 
  • Taylor, John. "The Rosewood massacre". Esquire, July 1994 v122 n1 pp.46-53.
  • "Florida Legislature to pay $2.1 million to victims of 1923 racist massacre in Rosewood". Jet, April 25, 1994 v85 n25 p12.
  • "State of Florida to award each Rosewood massacre survivor $100,000 or more".Jet, Jan. 16, 1995 v87 n10 p18. 

Legislative History

  • Florida House bill HR 27-B, 1993 Funding a grant to investigate destruction of Rosewood.
  • Florida House bill HR 813, 1993 Compensation for victims of Rosewood massacre.
  • Florida House bill HR 2425, 1993 Funding a grant to investigate destruction of Rosewood.
  • Florida House bill HR 5-D, 1994 Rosewood family scholarship fund.
  • Florida House bill HR 591, 1994 Compensation for victims of Rosewood massacre.*
  • Florida House bill HR 1359, 1994 Rosewood compensation fund and appropriation for erection of a monument.
  • Florida House bill HR 1923, 1993 Resolution commending Minnie Lee Langley for her courage in escaping from the Rosewood massacre.
  • Florida Senate bill SB 1452, 1993 Compensation for the victims of Rosewood massacre.
  • Florida Senate bill SB 2024, 1993 Funding a grant to investigate destruction of Rosewood.
  • Florida Senate bill SB 1752, 1994 Rosewood compensation fund and appropriation for erection of a monument.
  • Florida Senate bill SB 1774, 1994 Compensation for the victims of Rosewood massacre.*
  • Florida Senate bill SB 712, 1995 Rosewood family scholarship fund.

(* Denotes bills that were passed into law.) 

Newspaper Articles

  • Booth, William. "Seventy years ago, a town disappeared in a blaze fueled by racial hatred. Not everyone has forgotten." Washington Post, May 30, 1993, p.F1.
  • Colburn, David. "Rosewood," The Gainesville Sun, Jan. 14, 1994.
  • Eddy, Kristin. "New light on old horror". Atlanta Constitution, Jan. 2, 1997, p. A4.; "Rosewood massacre revisited". Atlanta Constitution, Jan. 2, 1997, p. A4.
  • Flowers, Charles. "Rosewood: 'Ashes 'N the hood". The Seminole Tribune, Sept. 27, 1996, p.3.; "Families bare secrets at Rosewood hearing". The Seminole Tribune, Sept. 27, 1996, p.1, 24+.
  • Gallagher, Peter B. "The Rosewood Massacre of 1923". The Seminole Tribune, Jan.15, 1993, p.1+. ; "Lost in truth and time". The Seminole Tribune, Sept. 27, 1996, p.3.
  • Harrison, Eric. "A massacre, the movies and the obligations of memory". Los Angeles Times, Oct. 16, 1994.
  • Moore, Gary. "Rosewood". The Floridian insert of St. Petersburg Times, July 25, 1982, pp.6-19. ; "Nothing left but to fight to be heard", The Florida Times-Union, Jan. 3, 1993. ; "Survivor recalls terror of day Rosewood died",The Florida Times-Union, Jan. 3, 1993. ; "Wiped off the map", Tropic insert of The Miami Herald, Mar. 7, 1993 pp.14-18, 22-25.
  • Reed, Willaim. "Rosewood massacre survivors seek justice". Chicago Defender, Mar. 19, 1994, p. 16.
  • Rohter, Larry. "Paying for racial attack divides Florida leaders". New York Times, Mar. 14, 1994, p. A12.
  • Rozsa, Lori. "Massacre in a small town".Atlanta Journal Constitution, Jan. 17, 1993.
  • Sharp, Deborah. "In Fla., a 71-year racial debt". USA Today, Mar. 31, 1994, p.A3.
  • Voyles, Karen. "Survivors dredge up painful memories", The Gainesville Sun, Feb. 24, 1994. 
  • Williams, Mike. "Florida moves to right an old wrong". Atlanta Constitution, Jan. 14, 1994, p.A3.
  • "A deal that nearly wasn't". Tallahassee Democrat, Feb. 11, 1996.
  • "A living witness to a bloody past". Tallahassee Democrat, Mar. 21, 1993.
  • "A new year - And memories". Washington Post, Jan. 1, 1993, p. A18.
  • "A skeleton in Florida's closet". Tallahassee Democrat, Aug. 15, 1982.
  • "Armed Posse Hunts Negro." St. Petersburg Times, January 6, 1923.
  • "Bill would compensate massacre's children". Tallahassee Democrat, Dec. 31, 1993.
  • "Black history" Tropic insert of The Miami Herald, Mar. 7, 1993 p.4.
  • "Blacks Kill Two Whites in Race Riot." St. Petersburg Times, January 5, 1923.
  • "Checks ready for Rosewood survivors". Gainesville Sun, Jan. 6, 1995.
  • "Descendants meet to celebrate victory". Tallahassee Democrat, July 22, 1995.
  • "Father, son say massacre was sparked by blacks".Tallahassee Democrat, Mar. 11, 1994.
  • "Florida urged to compensate victims of racial attack in '23". New York Times, Mar. 22, 1994, p. A17.
  • "Florida panel backs compensation in riots". New York Times, Mar. 24, 1994, p. A17.
  • "Hearing brings graphic memories of Rosewood to light". Tallahassee Democrat, Feb. 24, 1994.
  • "In 1923, a white mob attacked a black town and wiped it off the Florida map".Tallahassee Democrat, Mar. 21, 1993. 
  • "It's official: Rosewood families get compensation". The Orlando Sentinel, May 5, 1994.
  • "Klan trying to prove massacre at Rosewood never happened". The Miami Herald, Mar. 6, 1993.
  • "Last negro homes razed in Rosewood". New York Times, Jan. 8, 1923.
  • "Massacre at Rosewood: A survivor speaks". The Seminole Tribune, Feb. 26, 1993, p.1+.
  • "Nothing left but to fight to be heard". The Florida Times-Union, Jan. 3, 1993.
  • "Payments close a Rosewood chapter". Tallahassee Democrat, May 28, 1995.
  • "Race riot in Levy County results in several deaths". Tallahassee Democrat, Jan. 5, 1923.
  • "Recompense being sought for massacre". New York Times, Jan. 2, 1994.
  • "Report relives tale of horror". Tallahassee Democrat, Dec. 23, 1993.
  • "Rosewood survivors live to see 'justice'". Tallahassee Democrat, Apr. 9, 1994.
  • "Rosewood witness: Deputy knew of riot, but didn't act". Tallahassee Democrat, Mar. 12, 1994.
  • "Son of Rosewood speaks out: Q & A with Arnett Doctor". The Seminole Tribune, Apr. 23, 1993, p.1+.
  • "State lifts Rosewood 'shade of shame'". Tallahassee Democrat, May 5, 1994.
  • "Survivors of town razed in rampage seek redemption". Tallahassee Democrat, Dec. 29, 1992.
  • "The Rosewood bill". The Seminole Tribune, Feb. 26, 1993, p.1+.
  • "Unprecedented verification process begins". Tallahassee Democrat, May 9, 1994.
  • "Witness tells lynching story". The Orlando Sentinel, Mar. 27, 1994.

News Media

  • "Questions remain in 1923 massacre of blacks in Florida." From National Public Radio All things considered, Oct. 16, 1993 program n1272. For transcripts contact ASC Services
  • "Survivors of Rosewood, Fl, massacre compensated." From ABC World News Tonight, Apr. 8, 1994, Program n4070. For transcripts contact ASC Services

Report

  • A documented history of the incident which occurred at Rosewood, Florida, in January 1923…v1-2. Tallahassee, Fla.: Board of Regents, 1993. F975.977s R818.

Contact Us 

Contact us at info@dos.MyFlorida.com if you have recommendations for sources we should add to our list of Rosewood materials.