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Quick Facts

Geographical facts

  • Total Area - 65,758 square miles
  • Total land area - 53,625 square miles
  • Total water area - 12,133 square miles
  • Rank among states in total area - 22nd
  • Length north and south - 447 miles (St. Marys River to Key West)
  • Width east and west - 361 miles (Atlantic Ocean to Perdido River)
  • Distance from Pensacola to Key West - 792 miles (by road)
  • Highest Natural Point - 345 feet
  • Geographic Center - 12 miles northwest of Brooksville, Hernando County
  • Coastline - 1,350 statute miles
  • Tidal shoreline (general) - 2,276 statute miles
  • Beaches - 663 miles
  • Longest River - St. Johns, 273 miles
  • Largest Lake - Lake Okeechobee, 700 square miles
  • Largest county - Palm Beach, 2,578 square miles
  • Smallest county - Union, 245 square miles
  • Number of lakes (greater than 10 acres) - about 7,700
  • Number of first-magnitude springs - 33
  • Number of islands (greater than 10 acres) - about 4,500

Historical facts

  • First permanent European settlement - 1565, St. Augustine, by Spain
  • Acquired from Spain as a U.S. Territory - 1821
  • Admitted as 27th state of the U.S. - March 3, 1845

Current facts

  • Capital - Tallahassee
  • Population 2019 (estimate) - 21,477,737 (Rank 3rd)
  • Population 2010 - 18,801,310 (Rank 4th)
  • Population 2000 - 15,982,378
  • Population 1990 - 12,937,926
  • Population growth rate 2000-2019 - 14.2%
  • Most populous metropolitan area 2019 - Miami-Ft. Lauderdale-Pompano Beach: 6,166,488 (estimate - Ranked 7th in the US)
  • Most populous metropolitan area 2010 - Miami-Ft. Lauderdale-Pompano Beach: 5,564,635
  • Most populous County 2019 - Miami-Dade County: 2,716,940 (estimate)
  • Most populous County 2010 - Miami-Dade County: 2,496,435 [actual]
  • Number of counties - 67
  • Form of government - Governor and cabinet consisting of Attorney General, Chief Financial Officer and Commissioner of Agriculture
  • State sales tax - 6%
  • State income tax - None
  • Legislature - 120 house districts, 40 senate districts, 27 congressional districts

Sources:

The Florida Handbook, Allen Morris, Joan Perry Morris, and the Florida House of Representatives. © 2014. Florida Statistical Abstract, 2012

U.S. Census Bureau

U.S. Geological Survey

The Florida Department of Environmental Protection

Florida Department of Revenue

The Florida House of Representatives

The Florida Senate