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Seminole Wars

1800s portrait of Osceoloa, chief of the SeminolesThe Seminole Wars were one of the most important series of conflicts in American military history. Lasting from 1818 to 1858, they redefined relations between Native Americans and European Americans in Florida. 

Materials are generally available through interlibrary loan from the circulating collection of the State Library. 

Links within the bibliographies take you to information in our State Library catalog or to more information on external sites. 

Primary Sources

National Archives Records

The State Library has an extensive collection of primary sources about the Seminole Wars from the National Archives. While the originals are in Washington, D.C., researchers can consult our microfilm copies. 

Topics include troop movements, land surveys and more. Please contact the State Library for more information, or visit the National Archives’ website for details about specific collections. 

Below are selected examples: 

Other Primary Sources

1840s print of the army shooting down Waxe-Hadjo in the Seminole WarIn addition to National Archives materials, the State Library has a wide range of other primary sources. These materials include militia muster rolls, historical newspapers and more. 

Below are selected examples:

Secondary Sources

Cover photo of the Florida Native American Heritage Trail by the Florida Division of Historical Resources

imls180.for.panel.jpgMany of these resources and programs are funded under the provisions of the Library Services and Technology Act from the Institute of Museum and Library Services. Florida's LSTA program is administered by the Department of State's Division of Library and Information Services.