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In January of 1923, the African-American community at Rosewood, Florida, was destroyed in a fiery racist attack. Published information about the incident is not abundant. The following sources have been helpful in answering reference requests about Rosewood.

  • Report to the Legislature: A Documented History of the Incident Which Occurred at Rosewood, Florida in January, 1923.  
    This report may be borrowed through interlibrary loan, or viewed online through the State Library's catalog. 
  • House Judiciary files (reports, audio and videotapes of hearings)
    • Available at State Library and Archives. 


D'Orso, Michael. Like Judgment Day: The Ruin and Redemption of a Town Called Rosewood. G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1996. F975.977D718

Book Articles

  • Jones, Maxine D. , McCarthy, Kevin M. "The Rosewood Massacre, January 1923," in African Americans in Florida, pp.83-84.
  • McCarthy, Kevin M. "Rosewood", in Black Florida, pp.254-257.

Internet Sites

Remembering Rosewood - a website approved by Rosewood Family Members. 
Includes pictures of the survivors, information about the Rosewood Scholarship and bus tours.

Virtual Rosewood - utilizes the latest video game technology to bring the story of Rosewood to a new generation. 

Journal Articles

  • Dye, R. Thomas. "Rosewood, Florida: The destruction of an African American community".Historian : A journal of History, Spring 1996, v58 n3 p605-622.
  • Finan, Eileen. "Delayed justice: The Rosewood story". Human Rights, Spring 1995, v22 n2 p8-9.
  • Jerome, Richard. "A measure of justice: for survivors of the Rosewood massacre…"People Weekly, Jan. 16, 1995 v43 n2 p46.
  • Riordan, Patrick. "Rosewood: FSU historians help to right old wrongs". Florida State Magazine, Summer/Fall 1994, pp.14-. 
  • Taylor, John. "The Rosewood massacre". Esquire, July 1994 v122 n1 pp.46-53.
  • "Florida Legislature to pay $2.1 million to victims of 1923 racist massacre in Rosewood". Jet, April 25, 1994 v85 n25 p12.
  • "State of Florida to award each Rosewood massacre survivor $100,000 or more".Jet, Jan. 16, 1995 v87 n10 p18. 

Legislative History

  • Florida House bill HR 27-B, 1993 Funding a grant to investigate destruction of Rosewood.
  • Florida House bill HR 813, 1993 Compensation for victims of Rosewood massacre.
  • Florida House bill HR 2425, 1993 Funding a grant to investigate destruction of Rosewood.
  • Florida House bill HR 5-D, 1994 Rosewood family scholarship fund.
  • Florida House bill HR 591, 1994 Compensation for victims of Rosewood massacre.*
  • Florida House bill HR 1359, 1994 Rosewood compensation fund and appropriation for erection of a monument.
  • Florida House bill HR 1923, 1993 Resolution commending Minnie Lee Langley for her courage in escaping from the Rosewood massacre.
  • Florida Senate bill SB 1452, 1993 Compensation for the victims of Rosewood massacre.
  • Florida Senate bill SB 2024, 1993 Funding a grant to investigate destruction of Rosewood.
  • Florida Senate bill SB 1752, 1994 Rosewood compensation fund and appropriation for erection of a monument.
  • Florida Senate bill SB 1774, 1994 Compensation for the victims of Rosewood massacre.*
  • Florida Senate bill SB 712, 1995 Rosewood family scholarship fund.

(* Denotes bills that were passed into law.) 

News Articles

  • Booth, William. "Seventy years ago, a town disappeared in a blaze fueled by racial hatred. Not everyone has forgotten." Washington Post, May 30, 1993, p.F1.
  • Colburn, David. "Rosewood," The Gainesville Sun, Jan. 14, 1994.
  • Eddy, Kristin. "New light on old horror". Atlanta Constitution, Jan. 2, 1997, p. A4.; "Rosewood massacre revisited". Atlanta Constitution, Jan. 2, 1997, p. A4.
  • Flowers, Charles. "Rosewood: 'Ashes 'N the hood". The Seminole Tribune, Sept. 27, 1996, p.3.; "Families bare secrets at Rosewood hearing". The Seminole Tribune, Sept. 27, 1996, p.1, 24+.
  • Gallagher, Peter B. "The Rosewood Massacre of 1923". The Seminole Tribune, Jan.15, 1993, p.1+. ; "Lost in truth and time". The Seminole Tribune, Sept. 27, 1996, p.3.
  • Harrison, Eric. "A massacre, the movies and the obligations of memory". Los Angeles Times, Oct. 16, 1994.
  • Moore, Gary. "Rosewood". The Floridian insert of St. Petersburg Times, July 25, 1982, pp.6-19. ; "Nothing left but to fight to be heard", The Florida Times-Union, Jan. 3, 1993. ; "Survivor recalls terror of day Rosewood died",The Florida Times-Union, Jan. 3, 1993. ; "Wiped off the map", Tropic insert of The Miami Herald, Mar. 7, 1993 pp.14-18, 22-25.
  • Payne, Kate. "Decades after a white mob destroyed Rosewood, the town is rebuilt online." WFSU News, Dec. 6, 2016.
  • Reed, Willaim. "Rosewood massacre survivors seek justice". Chicago Defender, Mar. 19, 1994, p. 16.
  • Rohter, Larry. "Paying for racial attack divides Florida leaders". New York Times, Mar. 14, 1994, p. A12.
  • Rozsa, Lori. "Massacre in a small town".Atlanta Journal Constitution, Jan. 17, 1993.
  • Sharp, Deborah. "In Fla., a 71-year racial debt". USA Today, Mar. 31, 1994, p.A3.
  • Voyles, Karen. "Survivors dredge up painful memories", The Gainesville Sun, Feb. 24, 1994. 
  • Williams, Mike. "Florida moves to right an old wrong". Atlanta Constitution, Jan. 14, 1994, p.A3.
  • "A deal that nearly wasn't". Tallahassee Democrat, Feb. 11, 1996.
  • "A living witness to a bloody past". Tallahassee Democrat, Mar. 21, 1993.
  • "A new year - And memories". Washington Post, Jan. 1, 1993, p. A18.
  • "A skeleton in Florida's closet". Tallahassee Democrat, Aug. 15, 1982.
  • "Armed Posse Hunts Negro." St. Petersburg Times, January 6, 1923.
  • "Bill would compensate massacre's children". Tallahassee Democrat, Dec. 31, 1993.
  • "Black history" Tropic insert of The Miami Herald, Mar. 7, 1993 p.4.
  • "Blacks Kill Two Whites in Race Riot." St. Petersburg Times, January 5, 1923.
  • "Checks ready for Rosewood survivors". Gainesville Sun, Jan. 6, 1995.
  • "Descendants meet to celebrate victory". Tallahassee Democrat, July 22, 1995.
  • "Father, son say massacre was sparked by blacks".Tallahassee Democrat, Mar. 11, 1994.
  • "Florida urged to compensate victims of racial attack in '23". New York Times, Mar. 22, 1994, p. A17.
  • "Florida panel backs compensation in riots". New York Times, Mar. 24, 1994, p. A17.
  • "Hearing brings graphic memories of Rosewood to light". Tallahassee Democrat, Feb. 24, 1994.
  • "In 1923, a white mob attacked a black town and wiped it off the Florida map".Tallahassee Democrat, Mar. 21, 1993. 
  • "It's official: Rosewood families get compensation". The Orlando Sentinel, May 5, 1994.
  • "Klan trying to prove massacre at Rosewood never happened". The Miami Herald, Mar. 6, 1993.
  • "Last negro homes razed in Rosewood". New York Times, Jan. 8, 1923.
  • "Massacre at Rosewood: A survivor speaks". The Seminole Tribune, Feb. 26, 1993, p.1+.
  • "Nothing left but to fight to be heard". The Florida Times-Union, Jan. 3, 1993.
  • "Payments close a Rosewood chapter". Tallahassee Democrat, May 28, 1995.
  • "Race riot in Levy County results in several deaths". Tallahassee Democrat, Jan. 5, 1923.
  • "Recompense being sought for massacre". New York Times, Jan. 2, 1994.
  • "Report relives tale of horror". Tallahassee Democrat, Dec. 23, 1993.
  • "Rosewood survivors live to see 'justice'". Tallahassee Democrat, Apr. 9, 1994.
  • "Rosewood witness: Deputy knew of riot, but didn't act". Tallahassee Democrat, Mar. 12, 1994.
  • "Son of Rosewood speaks out: Q & A with Arnett Doctor". The Seminole Tribune, Apr. 23, 1993, p.1+.
  • "State lifts Rosewood 'shade of shame'". Tallahassee Democrat, May 5, 1994.
  • "Survivors of town razed in rampage seek redemption". Tallahassee Democrat, Dec. 29, 1992.
  • "The Rosewood bill". The Seminole Tribune, Feb. 26, 1993, p.1+.
  • "Unprecedented verification process begins". Tallahassee Democrat, May 9, 1994.
  • "Witness tells lynching story". The Orlando Sentinel, Mar. 27, 1994.

News Media

  • "Questions remain in 1923 massacre of blacks in Florida." From National Public Radio All things considered, Oct. 16, 1993 program n1272. For transcripts contact ASC Services
  • "Survivors of Rosewood, Fl, massacre compensated." From ABC World News Tonight, Apr. 8, 1994, Program n4070. For transcripts contact ASC Services


A documented history of the incident which occurred at Rosewood, Florida, in January 1923…v1-2. Tallahassee, Fla.: Board of Regents, 1993. F975.977s R818.

Contact Us 

Contact us at [email protected] if you have recommendations for sources we should add to our list of Rosewood materials. 

imls180.for.panel.jpgMany of these resources and programs are funded under the provisions of the Library Services and Technology Act from the Institute of Museum and Library Services. Florida's LSTA program is administered by the Department of State's Division of Library and Information Services.